The macula is a small area in the middle of the retina with the greatest amount of light sensitive cells and is used for finedetailed central vision. Macular
degeneration is a painless disorder that can affect either eye, causing progressive loss of central and detailed vision.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the most common form, although some forms affect younger people . There are two main types of AMD, referred to as ‘wet’ and ‘dry’. This is not a description of how the eye feels, but of whether leaking blood vessels are involved. Dry AMD accounts for 90% of cases, with 10% being wet AMD. Dry AMD can become wet AMD.
‘Wet’ AMD treatment is only effective if it is detected early; this is essential as it can damage vision rapidly.
For ‘Dry’ AMD there is no treatment is available.
Your Optometrist will conduct tests if you have signs of AMD; this may include eye drops to dilate the pupil giving a better view of internal structures. You may then be referred to an Ophthalmologist who can diagnose AMD at an early stage using more complex tests.